Scientists name the best diet for your heart

Scientists name the best diet for your heart

It’s official: Scientists say the Mediterranean diet is good for your heart.

According to findings published in the New England Journal of Medicine, eating a diet rich in nuts, olive oil, fruits, veggies and a little red wine can help fight against heart problems better than eating a low-fat diet.

Researchers evaluated nearly 7,500 men and women ranging in ages 55 to 80 for about five years.  They were assigned to one of three groups including individuals who dined on an olive oil-focused Mediterranean diet, another group who ate a Mediterranean diet with nuts as the central ingredient and those who ate a low-fat diet.

At enrollment, the participants had no history of stroke or heart attack, but they did have other risk factors such as obesity, smoking, Type 2 diabetes, high cholesterol and blood pressure.

The olive oil group consumed about a liter of olive oil a week. The nuts group ate about an ounce a day of almonds, walnuts and hazelnuts. It is important to note that both groups also drank wine and ate plenty of fish, fruits and vegetables with their meals.  They also were encouraged to avoid red and processed meats.

The low-fat group ate a diet filled with potatoes, fruits, low-fat dairy, breads, veggies and lean fish. They were given instructions to cut out baked goods, oils, nuts, red and processed meats.

The results showed that of the 288 cardiovascular events that occurred among the participants, 109 were in the low-fat group. Ninety-six events happened in the group who ate the olive oil Mediterranean diet, and there were 83 heart-related occurrences in the individuals who consumed the Mediterranean diet with nuts as the main staple.

Researchers say after looking at the data, the only statistically significant link was found between the Mediterranean diet and stroke, which shows a 30 percent reduction in relative risk. However, researchers say the study does not prove a direct cause and effect.

One of the lead authors of the study noted that one of the primary reasons the Mediterranean diet seems to boost heart health is its combination of good-quality fats like monounsaturated found in olive oil and a host of other good fatty nutrients contained in fish, nuts and veggies.

But U.S. experts warn that these findings no matter how great, should not give Americans a license to start packing in nuts and olive oil into their diets without making modifications.

“Moderation is key,” said Dr. Vincent Bufalino Advocate Health Care’s vice president of cardiovascular services. “Nuts and olive oils can add a lot of calories to your diet if you don’t cut out other things.”

Bufalino recommends his patients start with substituting less healthy options with more healthy ones such as changing up your salad dressing to vinegar and olive oil instead of creamy dressings or cutting out your morning muffin and eating 10 to 12 almonds instead.

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4 Comments

  1. I think I will like this diet – much easier to follow. And my heart will be happy!

  2. Stephanie Johnson February 26, 2013 at 12:30 pm · Reply

    I agree with you…I started it today:-)

  3. Went to Aldi at lunch and was able to stock up on a surprising number of items that fit this diet. Now my office is stocked with healthy snacks and lunches for a couple of weeks. Hope it sticks!

  4. I think it is important to eat RAW almonds and hazelnuts without salt or flavoring. It took me a few months to appreciate raw almonds, one a time, as a delicious treat. They curb hunger and seem to increase alertness. I have found that healthy eating involve less exciting foods eaten slowly. Savor each bite. The problem with most of the unhealthy food we eat is it is too exciting. It is the poduct of marketing experts rather than nutrtion experts, designed for impulse buying and eating. Healthy eating is very counter-culture in the U.S. That's why we have to have a label like "Mediterranean Diet" for something healthy. I wonder what European countries call the "American Diet"? It is probably not associated with health food.

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health enews Staff
health enews Staff

health enews staff is a group of experienced writers from our Advocate Health Care sites, also including freelance or intern writers.

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