Is it a sprain, strain or something else?
Dr. Zachary Domont, an Advocate Medical Group orthopedic surgeon at Advocate Condell Medical Center in Libertyville, Ill., says the first helpful step is knowing the difference between possible injuries:
- Sprain – stretching or tearing of ligaments
- Strain – stretching or tearing of tendons
- Tear – complete tear across the entire width of the ligament or tendon
“The most common symptom of these injuries is pain, although if the injury is significant enough, there may be associated instability,” says Dr. Domont. “If you are concerned that you may have suffered a sprain or strain, oftentimes, unless you hear or feel a true ‘pop,’ this is not an emergency.”
He adds that since most often these injuries are not serious, they can be managed with the RICE protocol:
“If this has been tried for a reasonable time (determined by the patient) without satisfactory improvement, you should consult an orthopedic surgeon at that time,” says Dr. Domont.
Other than sprains and strains, Dr. Domont adds common injuries for those who exercise and play sports include:
- Plantar fasciitis: an overuse injury to the soft tissue structure that supports the bottom of the foot
- Lateral epicondylitis, more commonly known as “tennis elbow”: pain over the outside of the elbow caused by overuse of the upper extremity with repetitive elbow and wrist flexion/extension as well as supination/pronation (palm up/palm down)
- Rotator cuff tendinitis: overuse of the shoulder, which develops over time and is often described as achy pain in the lateral portion of the shoulder, worse with reaching overhead, behind one’s back, or across one’s body
- Trochanteric bursitis: pain over the lateral side of the hip with overuse
- Patellofemoral pain: pain underneath the kneecap worse with sit-to-stand exercises, doing squats/lunges, or using stairs and walking on incline/decline
If you receive no relief from the RICE protocol, seek medical attention for the pain you are experiencing.
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