At what age is it safe to leave a child home alone?

At what age is it safe to leave a child home alone?

At what age is it okay to leave your child at home alone? It’s something many parents struggle to define.

But a group of social workers are weighing in, thanks to a research study presented at the recent American Academy of Pediatrics 2019 National Conference.

The majority of the nearly 500 members of the National Association of Social Workers feel a child should be at least 12 years old to stay home alone for four hours. Based on scenarios emailed to the group, if a child suffers an injury while without supervision or state or local laws prohibit it, those weighing in were more likely to see it as neglect, even at age 12.

The survey showed 100% of the respondents felt leaving a child 6 years old or younger home alone was neglect, while 80% felt the same about 8 years or younger.

“Parents have to use good common sense,” says Dr. Shrinal Vyas, a pediatrician at Advocate Children’s Hospital. “Small children need to be supervised at all times and shouldn’t be left alone. And just because a child reaches a certain age, doesn’t mean they are automatically ready to stay alone. Parents should make those decisions based upon their own child’s maturity levels.”

Studies show that a lack of supervision accounts for 40% of pediatric-related deaths in the United States.

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  1. I was left home in charge of 2 younger bros. at age 11 (5th grade, 1953). Mom had to start working. As an over-40 adult, I taught Sunday School for 8-9 years for combined 5th-6th grade classes. I noticed in my students that there was an intellectual/cognitive movement generally between the 5th graders and the 6th graders. The 6th graders had a better, quicker grasp of abstractions and concepts whereas the 5th graders perceived everything more literally. It was an interesting teaching environment seeing the kids for two years in a row.

About the Author

Evonne Woloshyn
Evonne Woloshyn

Evonne Woloshyn, health enews contributor, is director of public affairs at Advocate Children's Hospital. Evonne began her career as an anchor and reporter in broadcast news. Over the past 20 years, she has worked in health care marketing in both Ohio and Illinois. Evonne loves to travel, spend time with family and is an avid Pittsburgh Steelers fan!